It’s key to get outside and get active — just make sure you’re protected! For outdoor activity, you may need a helmet, a ball, a club… You always need sun protection — it’s just another part of your gear!
Protecting yourself against the sun is the smart choice that kids like you are making these days. Here’s how:
Obviously, when you put clothes between you and the sun’s rays, they can’t touch you! It’s best to cover up as much as you can, but if it’s too hot outside for long sleeves and pants, a beach cover-up or T-shirt and long shorts will do. Wearing a hat with a wide brim is great, but if you wear a baseball cap, just make sure you slap some sunscreen on your face, neck, and ears. Of course, lightweight, see-through, or mesh clothing provides less protection…
Rub it on, Sunscreen with SPF 15 or higher, that is. You’ve gotta have the right stuff!
SPF stands for “sun protection factor” — how well a sunscreen works at keeping the sun’s burning rays from roasting your skin. (FYI: SPF 45 and higher protects only a bit more than 30 does…) Make sure your sunscreen blocks both UVA and UVB rays (types of light).
If you’re like most people, the sun will do almost all of its damage to your skin before your 18th birthday!
You’ll need to get a bottle, shake it, fill up a handful, and slather it all over your body. (Yes, we said “handful.” You need that much for good coverage.) Put it on 30 minutes before you go out in the sun…and remember to cover your face, lips, hands, forearms, shoulders, ears, back of your neck, under your chin, and the top of your head. Watch your eyes — it could sting! If you’re worried about breaking out, try a gel sunscreen. And if your skin reacts badly to one brand, try another. Not all sunscreens have the same ingredients.
Apply, reapply, and then do it again! Even if the bottle says it’s waterproof, sweat proof, or any other “proof,” you should reapply. Put more sunscreen on every couple of hours or right after swimming, working up a sweat, or rubbing on your skin with a towel or clothes.
And one more thing… Wearing sunscreen protects you but it doesn’t make it okay to stay in the sun longer. Try to stay out of the sun when you can.
Slip on Sunglasses
Gotta shield your eyes from the sun, too, right? Yep. Slip on some shades because the sun’s rays can hurt your eyes. Choose some cool wraparound shades that block 100 percent of UVA and UVB.
Oops! I got too much sun – what do I do now?
• Cool bath
• Unscented moisturizer (lotion, no petroleum jelly)
• Hydrocortisone cream
• No more sun
An adult may choose to give you medicine that stops pain. When your burn is severe and you have a headache and chills or a fever, too, an adult may need to take you to a doctor.
Hang in the Shade
Get out and work your body — there are a million things to do! But hang out in the shade whenever you can. The sun is the strongest between 10 in the morning and 4 in the afternoon. So, during those times, play hard in the shade, chill out under an umbrella, have lunch inside, or try some indoor activities for a change of pace.
Whether you are in the water, walking on the beach, conquering the slopes, or cruising the concrete, beware of the extra sun you get from rays bouncing off the surfaces around you. Remember: The sun can affect your skin any time — not just in the summer, in warm places, or on sunny days. Use your head and get the right gear to protect yourself from the rays.
Try the activities on the SunWise site and get your school involved in their school program.
How likely is it that the sun will damage your skin? What can you do about it? Find out here.
Sunscreen: How To Select, Apply, and Use It Correctly
When To Apply Sunscreen
- Apply sunscreen approximately 30 minutes before being in the sun (for best results) so that it can be absorbed by the skin and less likely to wash off when you perspire.
- Remember to reapply sunscreen after swimming or strenuous exercise.
- Apply sunscreen often throughout the day if you work outdoors, and wear hats and protective clothing.
How To Apply Sunscreen
- Shake well before use to mix particles that might be clumped up in the container. Consider using the new spray-on or stick types of sunscreen.
- Be sure to apply enough sunscreen. As a rule of thumb, use an ounce (a handful) to cover your entire body.
- Use on all parts of your skin exposed to the sun, including the ears, back, shoulders, and the back of the knees and legs.
- Apply thickly and thoroughly.
- Be careful when applying sunscreen around the eyes.
What To Look for When You Buy Sunscreen
- Pick a broad-spectrum sunscreen that protects against UV-A and UV-B rays and has a sun protection factor (SPF) of at least 15.
- Read product labels. Look for a waterproof brand if you will be sweating or swimming. Buy a nonstinging product or one specifically formulated for your face.
- Buy a brand that does not contain para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) if you are sensitive to that ingredient.
- Try a sunscreen with different chemicals if your skin reacts badly to the one that you are using. Not all sunscreens have the same ingredients.
- Use a water-based sunscreen if you have oily skin or are prone to acne.
- Be aware that more expensive does not mean better. Although a costly brand might feel or smell better, it is not necessarily more effective than a cheaper product.
- Be aware of the expiration date because some sunscreen ingredients might degrade over time.
You can find the full information here: https://www.cdc.gov/bam/safety/sun.html and here https://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr5104a3.htm